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School leadership models: what do we know?

Bush, Tony; Glover, Derek


Derek Glover


The growth in the importance of school leadership has been accompanied by theory development, with new models emerging and established approaches being redefined and further developed. The purpose of this paper is to review current and recent writing on leadership models. The paper examines theoretical literature, to see how leadership is conceptualised, and empirical literature, to demonstrate whether and how the research evidence supports these concepts. The paper shows that leadership models are subject to fashion but often serve to reflect, and to inform, changes in school leadership practice.


Bush, T., & Glover, D. (2014). School leadership models: what do we know?. School Leadership and Management, 34(5),

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jul 2, 2014
Deposit Date Mar 30, 2016
Publicly Available Date Mar 30, 2016
Journal School Leadership & Management
Print ISSN 1363-2434
Electronic ISSN 1364-2626
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 34
Issue 5
Keywords school leadership, leadership models, leadership theory
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in School Leadership & Management on 2 July 2014, available online: