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Travelling waves in models of neural tissue: from localised structures to periodic waves

Meijer, Hil; Coombes, Stephen

Authors

Hil Meijer h.g.e.meijer@utwente.nl



Abstract

We consider travelling waves (fronts, pulses and periodics) in spatially extended one dimensional neural field models. We demonstrate for an excitatory field with linear adaptation that, in addition to an expected stable pulse solution, a stable anti-pulse can exist. Varying the adaptation strength we unravel the organizing centers of the bifurcation diagram for fronts and pulses, with a mixture of exact analysis for a Heaviside firing rate function and novel numerical schemes otherwise. These schemes, for non-local models with space-dependent delays, further allow for the construction and continuation of periodic waves. We use them to construct the dispersion curve – wave speed as a function of period – and find that they can be oscillatory and multi-valued, suggesting bistability of periodic waves. A kinematic theory predicts the onset of wave instabilities at stationary points in the dispersion curve, leading to period doubling behaviour, and is confirmed with direct numerical simulations. We end with a discussion of how the construction of dispersion curves may allow a useful classification scheme of neural field models for epileptic waves.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Mar 6, 2014
Journal EPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics
Electronic ISSN 2195-0008
Publisher EDP Open
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2
Issue 3
APA6 Citation Meijer, H., & Coombes, S. (2014). Travelling waves in models of neural tissue: from localised structures to periodic waves. EPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics, 2(3), https://doi.org/10.1140/epjnbp16
DOI https://doi.org/10.1140/epjnbp16
Keywords Neural field theory, Brain wave equation, Numerical continuation, Anti-pulse, Dispersion curve
Publisher URL http://epjnonlinearbiomedphys.springeropen.com/articles/10.1140/epjnbp16
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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