We present a new description of discrete space-time in 1+1 dimensions in terms of a set of elementary geometrical units that represent its independent classical degrees of freedom. This is achieved by means of a binary encoding that is ergodic in the class of space-time manifolds respecting coordinate invariance of general relativity. Space-time fluctuations can be represented in a classical lattice gas model whose Boltzmann weights are constructed with the discretized form of the Einstein–Hilbert action. Within this framework, it is possible to compute basic quantities such as the Ricci curvature tensor and the Einstein equations, and to evaluate the path integral of discrete gravity. The description as a lattice gas model also provides a novel way of quantization and, at the same time, to quantum simulation of fluctuating space-time.
Weinfurtner, S., De las Cuevas, G., Martin-Delgado, M. A., & Briegel, H. J. (2014). Reducing space-time to binary information. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, 47(9), https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/47/9/095301