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Examining the protective function of perceptions of post-traumatic growth against entrapment and suicidal ideation

Yasdiman, Meryem Betul; Townsend, Ellen; Blackie, Laura E.R.

Authors

Meryem Betul Yasdiman



Abstract

Background: Recent evidence has found that reporting post-traumatic growth (PTG) from a past stressful life event is associated with lower reports of suicidal ideation. Perceptions of PTG measure the extent to which an individual reports positive changes in their identity, relationships, and worldviews after a stressful event. However, little is known about how perceptions of PTG interact with feelings of defeat and entrapment to influence suicidal ideation. The current study examined this question through the Integrated Motivational-Volitional (IMV) Model of Suicidal Behaviour.

Methods: 521 adult participants (315 females with age range of 18-82, M = 30.4 years, SD = 13.6) completed an online cross-sectional questionnaire with defeat, entrapment, suicidal ideation, PTG, depression and anxiety measures. Hypotheses and data analysis plans were pre-registered prior to data collection.

Results: PTG negatively correlated with defeat, entrapment and suicide ideation. PTG predicted lower suicidal ideation when controlling for entrapment, depression and anxiety. PTG did not moderate the relationship between defeat on entrapment or the relationship between entrapment on suicide ideation.

Limitations: The findings were based on cross-sectional data where participants recalled experiences of defeat, entrapment and suicide ideation from the past year. The sample was a large community (non-clinical) sample, and most of the participants identified as White (85%). Conclusion: Although PTG did not function as a moderator within the IMV model of suicidality, it predicted lower suicidal ideation while controlling for other known predictors of suicidal ideation. Future research could explore the function of PTG in appraisal-based models of suicidality.

Citation

Yasdiman, M. B., Townsend, E., & Blackie, L. E. (2022). Examining the protective function of perceptions of post-traumatic growth against entrapment and suicidal ideation. Journal of Affective Disorders, 300, 474-480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.12.118

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 30, 2021
Online Publication Date Jan 1, 2022
Publication Date Mar 1, 2022
Deposit Date Jan 14, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jan 2, 2023
Journal Journal of Affective Disorders
Print ISSN 0165-0327
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 300
Pages 474-480
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.12.118
Keywords Psychiatry and Mental health; Clinical Psychology
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/7228917
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0165032721014336?via%3Dihub