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The UK clinical aptitude test and clinical course performance at Nottingham: a prospective cohort study

Yates, Janet; James, David

Authors

Janet Yates

David James



Abstract

Background
The UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) was introduced in 2006 as an additional tool for the selection of medical students. It tests mental ability in four distinct domains (Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, Abstract Reasoning, and Decision Analysis), and the results are available to students and admission panels in advance of the selection process. Our first study showed little evidence of any predictive validity for performance in the first two years of the Nottingham undergraduate course.

The study objective was to determine whether the UKCAT scores had any predictive value for the later parts of the course, largely delivered via clinical placements.

Methods
Students entering the course in 2007 and who had taken the UKCAT were asked for permission to use their anonymised data in research. The UKCAT scores were incorporated into a database with routine pre-admission socio-demographics and subsequent course performance data. Correlation analysis was followed by hierarchical multivariate linear regression.

Results
The original study group comprised 204/254 (80%) of the full entry cohort. With attrition over the five years of the course this fell to 185 (73%) by Year 5. The Verbal Reasoning score and the UKCAT Total score both demonstrated some univariate correlations with clinical knowledge marks, and slightly less with clinical skills. No parts of the UKCAT proved to be an independent predictor of clinical course marks, whereas prior attainment was a highly significant predictor (p

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 26, 2013
Journal BMC Medical Education
Electronic ISSN 1472-6920
Publisher Humana Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Article Number 32
Institution Citation Yates, J., & James, D. (2013). The UK clinical aptitude test and clinical course performance at Nottingham: a prospective cohort study. BMC Medical Education, 13, doi:10.1186/1472-6920-13-32
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-13-32
Publisher URL http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6920/13/32/abstract
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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