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Does the butcher-on-the-bus phenomenon require a dual-process explanation? A signal detection analysis

Tunney, Richard J.; Mullett, Timothy L.; Moross, Claudia J.; Gardner, Anna

Authors

Richard J. Tunney

Timothy L. Mullett

Claudia J. Moross

Anna Gardner

Abstract

The butcher-on-the-bus is a rhetorical device or hypothetical phenomenon that is often used to illustrate how recognition decisions can be based on different memory processes (Mandler, 1980). The phenomenon describes a scenario in which a person is recognized but the recognition is accompanied by a sense of familiarity or knowing characterized by an absence of contextual details such as the person’s identity. We report two recognition memory experiments that use signal detection analyses to determine whether this phenomenon is evidence for a recollection plus familiarity model of recognition or is better explained by a univariate signal detection model. We conclude that there is an interaction between confidence estimates and remember-know judgments which is not explained fully by either single-process signal detection or traditional dual-process models.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 26, 2012
Journal Frontiers in Psychology
Electronic ISSN 1664-1078
Publisher Frontiers Media
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 208
Institution Citation Tunney, R. J., Mullett, T. L., Moross, C. J., & Gardner, A. (2012). Does the butcher-on-the-bus phenomenon require a dual-process explanation? A signal detection analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 3(208), doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00208
DOI https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00208
Publisher URL http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00208/abstract
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
Additional Information This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0




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