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An evaluation of screening measures for cognitive impairment after stroke

Blake, Holly; McKinney, Michelle; Treece, Karen; Lee, Elizabeth; Lincoln, Nadina

Authors

Holly Blake

Michelle McKinney

Karen Treece

Elizabeth Lee

Nadina Lincoln

Abstract

Objectives: to assess the sensitivity and specificity of a screening battery for detecting cognitive impairment after stroke.

Design: a randomized controlled trial.

Methods: stroke patients were recruited from hospitals in three centres. Patients were screened for cognitive impairment on the Mini‐Mental State Examination, the Sheffield Screening Test for Acquired Language Disorders and Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices and received a further battery of assessments of cognitive function. Sensitivity and specificity values were calculated for the three screening measures for overall conclusions regarding cognitive impairment reached from a comprehensive assessment. Receiver Operating Characteristic Curves were plotted.

Conclusion: the Mini‐Mental State Examination was not a useful screen for memory problems or overall cognitive impairment after stroke. The Sheffield Screening Test for Acquired Language Disorders was an appropriate screen for language problems. The Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices was appropriate as a screen for perceptual problems and visual inattention but not for executive deficits.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 1, 2002
Journal Age and Ageing
Print ISSN 0002-0729
Electronic ISSN 1468-2834
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue 6
Institution Citation Blake, H., McKinney, M., Treece, K., Lee, E., & Lincoln, N. (2002). An evaluation of screening measures for cognitive impairment after stroke. Age and Ageing, 31(6), doi:10.1093/ageing/31.6.451
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/31.6.451
Keywords Stroke, Cognitive impairment, Sensitivity, Screening
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ageing/31.6.451
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Age and Ageing following peer review. The version of record Holly Blake,
Michelle McKinney, Karen Treece, Elizabeth Lee, and Nadina B. Lincoln An evaluation of screening measures for cognitive impairment after stroke Age Ageing (2002) 31 (6): 451-456 doi:10.1093/ageing/31.6.451 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ageing/31.6.451

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf




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