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The evolution of China's climate change policy: international and domestic political economy and a strategy for working with China

Lai, Hongyi

The evolution of China's climate change policy: international and domestic political economy and a strategy for working with China Thumbnail


Authors

HONGYI LAI HONGYI.LAI@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Associate Professor



Abstract

For over a decade China has been the predominant carbon emitter in the global economy. It is thus imperative for us to understand the factors behind its climate change policy in the past decades. In the article, the author surveys the evolution of China's climate change policy during 1990-2021 and applies theories from international relations and international political economy to explain it. It is found that (neo-)realism/nationalism and liberalism, two main theories in the field, offer only a partial explanation of China's climate policy. The most effective theory is domestic sources. In particular, leadership power consolidation and a concern with economic growth seem to dictate China's climate policy. The findings point to the analytical utility of domestic political economy in accounting for climate stances of nation-states. Policy suggestions for external parties to interact with China on climate change are proposed.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 16, 2021
Online Publication Date Nov 29, 2021
Publication Date Nov 29, 2021
Deposit Date Nov 23, 2021
Publicly Available Date Mar 1, 2022
Journal Journal of the British Academy
Electronic ISSN 2052-7217
Publisher British Academy
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 10
Pages 69-98
DOI https://doi.org/10.5871/jba/009s10.069
Keywords Climate change; public policy; China; domestic politics; international relations; international political economy
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/6785509
Publisher URL https://www.thebritishacademy.ac.uk/publishing/journal-british-academy/9s10/evolution-china-climate-change-policy/

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