Disentangling interventions to reduce fear of falling in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention components
Kruisbrink, Marlot; Crutzen, Rik; Kempen, Gertrudis I.J.M.; Delbaere, Kim; Ambergend, Ton; Cheung, Kei-Long; Kendrick, Denise; Iliffe, Steve; Zijlstra, G.A. Rixt
Gertrudis I.J.M. Kempen
DENISE KENDRICK email@example.com
Professor of Primary Care Research
G.A. Rixt Zijlstra
Purpose: Fear of falling (FoF) is a common and debilitating problem for older people. Most multicomponent interventions show only moderate effects. Exploring the effective components may help in the optimization of treatments for FoF.
Materials and methods: In a systematic review of five scientific literature databases, we identified randomized controlled trials with older community-dwelling people that included FoF as an outcome. There was no restriction on types of interventions. Two reviewers extracted information about outcomes and content of interventions. Intervention content was coded with a coding scheme of 68 intervention components. We compared all studies with a component to those without using univariate meta-regressions.
Results: Sixty-six studies, reporting on 85 interventions, were included in the systematic review. In the meta-regressions (n=49), few components were associated with intervention effects at the first available follow up after the intervention, but interventions with meditation, holistic exercises (such as Tai Chi or Pilates) or body awareness were significantly more effective than interventions without these components. Interventions with self-monitoring, balance exercises, tailoring were less effective compared to those without these components.
Conclusions: The identified components may be important for the design and optimization of treatments to reduce FoF.
Kruisbrink, M., Crutzen, R., Kempen, G. I., Delbaere, K., Ambergend, T., Cheung, K., …Zijlstra, G. R. (2021). Disentangling interventions to reduce fear of falling in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention components. Disability and Rehabilitation, https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2021.1969452
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Aug 13, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Sep 11, 2021|
|Publication Date||Sep 11, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Aug 23, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Sep 12, 2022|
|Journal||Disability and Rehabilitation|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis Open|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||meta-analysis, systematic review, fear of falling, falls efficacy, aged, accidental falls|
Kruisbrink Disability Rehabilitation 2021
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