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Challenges arising from the special education legacy in Russia and South Africa: a cross-case analysis

Kalinnikova Magnusson, Liya; Walton, Elizabeth

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Authors

Liya Kalinnikova Magnusson



Abstract

The pursuit of inclusive education in different countries is shaped by the extent and the nature of existing special educational provisions. We focus on two authoritarian regimes in the previous century: Soviet Russia (USSR) with its ideology of class (proletarian humanism and egalitarian universalism) and South Africa with its ideology of race (apartheid and discrimination). We make two assertions on the basis of a cross-case analysis based on a policy historiography. First, state ideology is visible, explicit and prominent in the shaping of special education. Second, the challenges of transitioning to a more inclusive education system are compounded by the ideological legacy of these regimes. Current moves towards inclusive education in both countries must contend with these ideological legacies, and we argue for greater recognition of the role of state ideologies in international and comparative studies of special and inclusive education.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 13, 2021
Online Publication Date Jun 7, 2021
Publication Date 2023
Deposit Date May 19, 2021
Publicly Available Date Dec 8, 2022
Journal Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education
Print ISSN 0305-7925
Electronic ISSN 1469-3623
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 53
Issue 3
Pages 488-505
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2021.1932421
Keywords Education
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/5561410
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03057925.2021.1932421

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