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Experimental study of thermal fracturing of Hot Dry Rock irradiated by moving laser beam: Temperature, efficiency and porosity

Wang, Yijiang; Jiang, Jinyi; Darkwa, Jo; Xu, Zeyuan; Zheng, Xiaofeng; Zhou, Guoqing

Authors

Yijiang Wang

Jinyi Jiang

JO DARKWA J.Darkwa@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Energy Storage Technologies

ZEYUAN XU zeyuan.xu@nottingham.ac.uk
Senior Research Fellow - Thermofluids Research Group

Guoqing Zhou



Abstract

A new laser irradiation fracturing method is employed to crack the Hot Dry Rock (HDR) and variations of rock temperature, specific energy (SE) and modified specific energy (MSE), thermal damages and open porosity of granite samples caused by moving laser beams with various irradiating conditions including laser power, diameter and moving speed of laser beam were investigated. Results indicate that rock temperature and the corresponding temperature gradients near the laser beam spots are strongly dependent on the laser power, beam diameter and irradiation time. The high temperature generated by the laser irradiation melts and cracks the HDR samples. The removed mass, cracked mass and size of grooving kerf induced by laser irradiation are also related to various irradiation conditions. SE and MSE are found nonlinearly reduced with the increased laser power density. Laser irradiation has a greater enhancement to thermal fracturing of granite than it does to thermal drilling. The open porosity (OP) of irradiated HDR samples increases with increasing laser power, decreasing diameter and moving speed of laser beam. The results can provide some guidance to those seeking a new economical and reasonable fracturing method for the HDR geothermal exploitation.

Citation

Wang, Y., Jiang, J., Darkwa, J., Xu, Z., Zheng, X., & Zhou, G. (2020). Experimental study of thermal fracturing of Hot Dry Rock irradiated by moving laser beam: Temperature, efficiency and porosity. Renewable Energy, 160, 803-816. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2020.06.138

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 29, 2020
Online Publication Date Jul 7, 2020
Publication Date 2020-11
Deposit Date Jul 7, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jul 8, 2021
Journal Renewable Energy
Print ISSN 0960-1481
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 160
Pages 803-816
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2020.06.138
Keywords rock temperature; granite; thermal fracturing; laser irradiation; specific energy; open porosity
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/4754453
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0960148120310600?via%3Dihub
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Experimental study of thermal fracturing of Hot Dry Rock irradiated by moving laser beam: Temperature, efficiency and porosity; Journal Title: Renewable Energy; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2020.06.138; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.