In Liguria, in north-west Italy, copper mining starts soon after a transformation in the Neolithic economy – the opening up of upland pastures for summer grazing – and seems to be contemporary with the exploitation of other mineral resources, such as chert quarrying. We shall briefly explore the economic intensification that led to the activation of these new resources. They had of course always been available in the landscape, what is new is that humans perceived them and – in the case of copper – had the technological skills to exploit them.
Pearce, M., & Maggi, R. (2023). Perceiving Mining Landscapes: Metallurgical Origins and the Perception of Resources in the Landscape. In Settlement Structures and Metallurgy: The Relations between Italy and the Iberian Peninsula in the Early Chalcolithic. Papers of an International Conference Held in Rome, Museo Nazionale Romano – Palazzo Massimo, 6–7 October 2011 (77-86). Deutsches Archaeologisches Institut - Abteilung Rom. https://doi.org/10.34780/t263-e0t2