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Mapping and characterization of cosmic filaments in galaxy cluster outskirts: strategies and forecasts for observations from simulations

Kuchner, Ulrike; Aragón-Salamanca, Alfonso; Pearce, Frazer R.; Gray, Meghan E.; Rost, Agustin; Mu, Chunliang; Welker, Charlotte; Cui, Weiguang; Haggar, Roan; Laigle, Clotilde; Knebe, Alexander; Kraljic, Katarina; Sarron, Florian; Yepes, Gustavo

Authors

Agustin Rost

Chunliang Mu

Charlotte Welker

Weiguang Cui

Roan Haggar

Clotilde Laigle

Alexander Knebe

Katarina Kraljic

Gustavo Yepes



Abstract

Upcoming wide-field surveys are well-suited to studying the growth of galaxy clusters by tracing galaxy and gas accretion along cosmic filaments. We use hydrodynamic simulations of volumes surrounding 324 clusters from The ThreeHundred project to develop a framework for identifying and characterising these filamentary structures, and associating galaxies with them. We define 3-dimensional reference filament networks reaching 5R200 based on the underlying gas distribution and quantify their recovery using mock galaxy samples mimicking observations such as those of the WEAVE Wide-Field Cluster Survey. Since massive galaxies trace filaments, they are best recovered by mass-weighting galaxies or imposing a bright limit (e.g. > L ∗ ) on their selection. We measure the transverse gas density profile of filaments, derive a characteristic filament radius of ' 0.7–1 h −1Mpc, and use this to assign galaxies to filaments. For different filament extraction methods we find that at R > R200, ∼ 15–20% of galaxies with M∗ > 3 × 109M are in filaments, increasing to ∼ 60% for galaxies more massive than the Milky-Way. The fraction of galaxies in filaments is independent of cluster mass and dynamical state, and is a function of cluster-centric distance, increasing from ∼ 13% at 5R200 to ∼ 21% at 1.5R200. As a bridge to the design of observational studies, we measure the purity and completeness of different filament galaxy selection strategies. Encouragingly, the overall 3-dimensional filament networks and ∼ 67% of the galaxies associated with them are recovered from 2-dimensional galaxy positions.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 23, 2020
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 494
Issue 4
Pages 5473-5491
APA6 Citation Rost, A., Gray, M. E., Pearce, F. R., Kuchner, U., Aragón-Salamanca, A., Pearce, F. R., …Yepes, G. (2020). Mapping and characterization of cosmic filaments in galaxy cluster outskirts: strategies and forecasts for observations from simulations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 494(4), 5473-5491. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa1083
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa1083
Keywords Space and Planetary Science; Astronomy and Astrophysics
Publisher URL https://academic.oup.com/mnras/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/mnras/staa1083/5824168

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