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Retrieval of the Complete Coding Sequence of the UK-Endemic Tatenale Orthohantavirus Reveals Extensive Strain Variation and Supports Its Classification as a Novel Species

Chappell, Joseph G.; Tsoleridis, Theocharis; Onianwa, Okechukwu; Drake, Gabby; Ashpole, Ian; Dobbs, Phillipa; Edema, William; Kumi-Ansah, Frederick; Bennett, Malcolm; Tarlinton, Rachael E.; Ball, Jonathan K.; McClure, C. Patrick

Authors

Okechukwu Onianwa okechukwu.onianwa@phe.gov.uko.o.

Gabby Drake g.drake@chesterzoo.orgg.d.

Ian Ashpole i.ashpole@chesterzoo.orgi.a.

Phillipa Dobbs phillipa.dobbs@twycrosszoo.org

William Edema

Frederick Kumi-Ansah

JONATHAN BALL jonathan.ball@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Molecular Virology



Abstract

©2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Orthohantaviruses are globally distributed viruses, associated with rodents and other small mammals. However, data on the circulation of orthohantaviruses within the UK, particularly the UK-endemic Tatenale virus, is sparse. In this study, 531 animals from five rodent species were collected from two locations in northern and central England and screened using a degenerate, pan- orthohantavirus RT-PCR assay. Tatenale virus was detected in a single field vole (Microtus agrestis) from central England and twelve field voles from northern England. Unbiased high-throughput sequencing of the central English strain resulted in the recovery of the complete coding sequence of a novel strain of Tatenale virus, whilst PCR-primer walking of the northern English strain recovered almost complete coding sequence of a previously identified strain. These findings represented the detection of a third lineage of Tatenale virus in the United Kingdom and extended the known geographic distribution of these viruses from northern to central England. Furthermore, the recovery of the complete coding sequence revealed that Tatenale virus was sufficiently related to the recently identified Traemersee virus, to meet the accepted criteria for classification as a single species of orthohantavirus.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 1, 2020
Journal Viruses
Electronic ISSN 1999-4915
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 4
Article Number 454
APA6 Citation Chappell, J. G., Tsoleridis, T., Onianwa, O., Drake, G., Ashpole, I., Dobbs, P., …McClure, C. P. (2020). Retrieval of the Complete Coding Sequence of the UK-Endemic Tatenale Orthohantavirus Reveals Extensive Strain Variation and Supports Its Classification as a Novel Species. Viruses, 12(4), https://doi.org/10.3390/v12040454
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/v12040454
Keywords orthohantavirus; hantavirus; high-throughput sequencing; virus discovery; field vole; virology; infectious diseases
Publisher URL https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/12/4/454

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