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A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics

Yu, F.; Chen, S.; Viisainen, J.V.; Sutcliffe, M.P.F.; Harper, L.T.; Warrior, N.A.


F. Yu

Senior Research Fellow

J.V. Viisainen

M.P.F. Sutcliffe

Associate Professor - Composites Manufacturing

Professor of Mechanical Engineering & Head of Research Division


A macroscale finite element (FE) model was developed to simulate the forming behaviour of biaxial fabrics, incorporating the effects of bending stiffness to predict fabric wrinkling. The dependency of the bending stiffness on the fibre orientation was addressed by extending a non-orthogonal constitutive framework previously developed for biaxial fabric materials. The nonlinear bending behaviour of a biaxial non-crimp fabric (NCF) with pillar stitches was characterised by a revised cantilever test using structured light scanning to measure specimen curvature, providing input data for the material model. Simulations were performed to replicate the bias-extension behaviour of the NCF material, showing good agreement with experimental data. Wrinkles were observed within the central area of the specimen at low extension, which consequently affect the uniformity of the shear angle distribution in the region where pure shear is expected.


Warrior, N., Yu, F., Harper, L., Chen, S., Sutcliffe, M., & Viisainen, J. (2020). A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics. Composites Science and Technology, 108078.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 16, 2020
Online Publication Date Feb 19, 2020
Publication Date Feb 19, 2020
Deposit Date Feb 21, 2020
Publicly Available Date Feb 20, 2022
Journal Composites Science and Technology
Print ISSN 0266-3538
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Pages 108078
Keywords General Engineering; Ceramics and Composites
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