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“Everyone happy with what their role is?”: A pragmalinguistic evaluation of leadership practices in emergency medicine training

Chałupnik, Małgorzata; Atkins, Sarah

Authors

Sarah Atkins



Abstract

This article reports a study of simulated interactions between emergency medical teams, as they are used in education for specialist trainee doctors. We focus on a key area of communicative competence that trainees are assessed on: the performance of leadership skills. Using videos of simulated trauma cases recorded within a training department of a large teaching hospital in the UK, we analyse how trainee doctors delegate tasks to their teams, matching up their linguistic performance, in particular their use of requests, to how they are assessed in the simulation overall. This allows us to establish the types of linguistic leadership performance that are evaluated positively in this setting and therefore are attributed to success. Through fine-grained, qualitative analysis, we examine the interrelationship between 'efficiency', evidenced by the subsequent successful completion of an action by the team, and the the use of indirect and mitigated requests, finding that a high number of indirect forms are successfully used to make requests of others in this time-pressured setting. We discuss the theoretical implications of our observations, revisiting claims about linguistic behaviour in urgent contexts, and also consider the practical implications of the study, considering in particular professional practice and training.

Citation

Chałupnik, M., & Atkins, S. (2020). “Everyone happy with what their role is?”: A pragmalinguistic evaluation of leadership practices in emergency medicine training. Journal of Pragmatics, 160, 80-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2020.02.014

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 25, 2020
Online Publication Date Mar 13, 2020
Publication Date 2020-04
Deposit Date Jan 15, 2020
Publicly Available Date Mar 13, 2020
Journal Journal of Pragmatics
Print ISSN 0378-2166
Electronic ISSN 1879-1387
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 160
Pages 80-96
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2020.02.014
Keywords Linguistics and Language; Artificial Intelligence; Language and Linguistics
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/3730846
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378216620300564
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: “Everyone happy with what their role is?”: A pragmalinguistic evaluation of leadership practices in emergency medicine training; Journal Title: Journal of Pragmatics; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2020.02.014; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.

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