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Haloferax volcanii for biotechnology applications: challenges, current state and perspectives

Haque, R. U.; Paradisi, F.; Allers, T.

Authors

R. U. Haque

F. Paradisi

T. Allers



Abstract

© 2019, The Author(s). Haloferax volcanii is an obligate halophilic archaeon with its origin in the Dead Sea. Simple laboratory culture conditions and a wide range of genetic tools have made it a model organism for studying haloarchaeal cell biology. Halophilic enzymes of potential interest to biotechnology have opened up the application of this organism in biocatalysis, bioremediation, nanobiotechnology, bioplastics and the biofuel industry. Functionally active halophilic proteins can be easily expressed in a halophilic environment, and an extensive genetic toolkit with options for regulated protein overexpression has allowed the purification of biotechnologically important enzymes from different halophiles in H. volcanii. However, corrosion mediated damage caused to stainless-steel bioreactors by high salt concentrations and a tendency to form biofilms when cultured in high volume are some of the challenges of applying H. volcanii in biotechnology. The ability to employ expressed active proteins in immobilized cells within a porous biocompatible matrix offers new avenues for exploiting H. volcanii in biotechnology. This review critically evaluates the various application potentials, challenges and toolkits available for using this extreme halophilic organism in biotechnology.

Journal Article Type Review
Publication Date Jan 1, 2019
Journal Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Print ISSN 0175-7598
Electronic ISSN 1432-0614
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Pages 1-12
APA6 Citation Haque, R. U., Paradisi, F., & Allers, T. (2019). Haloferax volcanii for biotechnology applications: challenges, current state and perspectives. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-019-10314-2
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-019-10314-2
Keywords Biotechnology; Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology; General Medicine
Publisher URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00253-019-10314-2

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