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Stress Management Competency Framework in English policing

Houdmont, J; Jachens, L; Randall, R; Colwell, J; Gardner, S

Authors

J Houdmont

L Jachens

R Randall

J Colwell

S Gardner



Abstract

Background
The UK Health and Safety Executive’s Stress Management Competency Framework and associated questionnaire, the Stress Management Competency Indicator Tool (SMCIT), address line managers’ behaviours across four competency areas. The application in policing remains unexplored.

Aims
This study profiled English police officers’ perception of their line managers’ competencies in the framework areas. The odds of experiencing poor mental wellbeing and work attitudes associated with having a line manager with a development need on each competency area were tested.

Methods
Two hundred and sixty-three police officers completed a survey comprising the SMCIT and measures of psychological distress, resilience and work engagement. Bivariate correlations were calculated to identify patterns of relationships between variables. Binary logistic regression analyses tested the odds of psychological distress caseness, low resilience and low work engagement being associated with officers’ perception of their line manager having a development need on the SMCIT criteria.

Results
Approximately half the participants reported their line manager had a development need on the ‘Managing and Communicating Existing and Future Work’, ‘Managing the Individual Within the Team’ and ‘Reasoning and Managing Difficult Situations’ competencies, and one quarter on the ‘Respectful and Responsible: Managing Emotions and Having Integrity’ competency. Officers’ rating of their line manager having a development need on the four competency areas was associated with up to four-fold elevated odds of each undesirable state.

Conclusions
The framework competency areas are relevant to English policing and offer a basis for stress reduction interventions targeted at line managers’ behaviours.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 27, 2019
Journal Occupational Medicine
Print ISSN 0962-7480
Electronic ISSN 1471-8405
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Article Number kqz143
APA6 Citation Houdmont, J., Jachens, L., Randall, R., Colwell, J., & Gardner, S. (2019). Stress Management Competency Framework in English policing. Occupational Medicine, https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqz143
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqz143
Keywords Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Publisher URL https://academic.oup.com/occmed/advance-article/doi/10.1093/occmed/kqz143/5644528

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