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Theory for Glassy Behavior of Supercooled Liquid Mixtures

Katira, Shachi; Garrahan, Juan P.; Mandadapu, Kranthi K.


Shachi Katira

Kranthi K. Mandadapu


We present a model for glassy dynamics in supercooled liquid mixtures. Given the relaxation behavior of individual supercooled liquids, the model predicts the relaxation times of their mixtures as temperature is decreased. The model is based on dynamical facilitation theory for glassy dynamics, which provides a physical basis for relaxation and vitrification of a supercooled liquid. This is in contrast to empirical linear interpolations such as the Gordon-Taylor equation typically used to predict glass transition temperatures of liquid mixtures. To understand the behavior of supercooled liquid mixtures we consider a multicomponent variant of the kinetically constrained East model in which components have a different energy scale and can also diffuse when locally mobile regions, i.e., excitations, are present. Using a variational approach we determine an effective single component model with a single effective energy scale that best approximates a mixture. When scaled by this single effective energy, we show that experimental relaxation times of many liquid mixtures all collapse onto the “parabolic law” predicted by dynamical facilitation theory. The model can be used to predict transport properties and glass transition temperatures of mixtures of glassy materials, with implications in atmospheric chemistry, biology, and pharmaceuticals.


Katira, S., Garrahan, J. P., & Mandadapu, K. K. (2019). Theory for Glassy Behavior of Supercooled Liquid Mixtures. Physical Review Letters, 123(10), 1-6.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 10, 2019
Online Publication Date Sep 5, 2019
Publication Date Sep 5, 2019
Deposit Date Oct 15, 2019
Publicly Available Date Oct 15, 2019
Journal Physical Review Letters
Print ISSN 0031-9007
Electronic ISSN 1079-7114
Publisher American Physical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 123
Issue 10
Article Number 100602
Pages 1-6
Keywords General Physics and Astronomy
Public URL
Publisher URL


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