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Soft Power Determinants in the World and Implications for China: A Quantitative Test of Joseph Nye's Theory on Three Soft Power Resources and of the Positive Peace Agreement

Lai, Hongyi

Soft Power Determinants in the World and Implications for China: A Quantitative Test of Joseph Nye's Theory on Three Soft Power Resources and of the Positive Peace Agreement Thumbnail


Authors

HONGYI LAI HONGYI.LAI@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Associate Professor



Abstract

Statistical tests are conducted on two explanations of soft power. One is Joseph Nye's argument that political values, foreign policy, and cultural appeals shape soft power, and the other is the positive peace argument which suggests the significant effect of the Global Peace Index (GPI) on soft power. Two measures of soft power are employed-the favorability of major powers in global public opinion polls and the Soft Power 30 index. The latter gauges the magnitude of soft power. When the former measure which indicates the positiveness of soft power is adopted, the three soft power resources provide less explanatory power than per capita GDP and especially the GPI. When the Soft Power 30 index is used, only foreign policy independent of the US contributes positively to soft power. The GPI and non-soft-power related cultural exports (NSPCE) take on a negative role because a number of nations in the index achieved very high rankings with a relatively poor GPI or small NSPCE.

Citation

Lai, H. (2019). Soft Power Determinants in the World and Implications for China: A Quantitative Test of Joseph Nye's Theory on Three Soft Power Resources and of the Positive Peace Agreement. Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies, 37(1), 8-35. https://doi.org/10.22439/cjas.v37i1.5904

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 17, 2019
Online Publication Date Jan 7, 2020
Publication Date 2019
Deposit Date Sep 17, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jul 1, 2020
Journal The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies
Print ISSN 1395-4199
Publisher Handelshoejskolen i Koebenhavn (Copenhagen Business School)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 37
Issue 1
Pages 8-35
DOI https://doi.org/10.22439/cjas.v37i1.5904
Keywords Soft power, Determinants, International relations, Positive peace, Political freedom, Foreign policy
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/2627367
Publisher URL https://rauli.cbs.dk/index.php/cjas/article/view/5904
Related Public URLs https://rauli.cbs.dk/index.php/cjas/index
Additional Information Accepted on 17 September 2019 for publication in Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies, the October 2019 issue] Article title: Soft Power Determinants in the World and Implications for China--A Quantitative Test of Joseph Nye's Theory on Three Soft Power Resources and of the Positive Peace Argument.
Contract Date Sep 17, 2019

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