Touch screens are increasingly used within modern vehicles, providing the potential for a range of gestures to facilitate interaction under divided attention conditions. This paper describes a study aiming to understand how drivers naturally make swipe gestures in a vehicle context when compared with a stationary setting. Twenty experienced drivers were requested to undertake a swipe gesture on a touch screen in a manner they felt was appropriate to execute a wide range of activate/deactivate, increase/decrease and next/previous tasks. All participants undertook the tasks when either driving within a right-hand drive, medium-fidelity simulator or whilst sitting stationary. Consensus emerged in the direction of swipes made for a relatively small number of increase/decrease and next/previous tasks, particularly related to playing music. The physical action of a swipe made in different directions was found to affect the length and speed of the gesture. Finally, swipes were typically made more slowly in the driving situation, reflecting the reduced resources available in this context and/or the handedness of the participants. Conclusions are drawn regarding the future design of swipe gestures for interacting with in-vehicle touch screens.
Burnett, G., Crundall, E., Large, D., Lawson, G., & Skrypchuk, L. (2013). A study of unidirectional swipe gestures on in-vehicle touch screens. doi:10.1145/2516540.2516545