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Health Consequences of Falls among Older Adults in India: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Biswas, Isha; Adebusoye, Busola; Chattopadhyay, Kaushik

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Isha Biswas

Busola Adebusoye


Research has been conducted on the prevalence of health consequences of falls among older adults (aged ≥60 years) in India, and our systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to synthesize the existing evidence on this topic. The JBI guideline was followed for conducting this review work. Several databases were searched, and eight studies were included. The critical appraisal scores ("yes" responses) for the included studies ranged from 56% to 78%. Among older adults in India who fell, the pooled prevalence of injuries was 65.63% (95% confidence interval [38.89, 87.96]). Similarly, head and/or neck injuries was 7.55% (4.26, 11.62), upper extremity injuries was 19.42% (16.06, 23.02), trunk injuries was 9.98% (2.01, 22.47), lower extremity injuries was 34.36% (24.07, 45.44), cuts, lacerations, abrasions, grazes, bruises and/or contusions was 37.95% (22.15, 55.16), fractures was 12.50% (7.65, 18.30), dislocations and/or sprains was 14.31% (6.03, 25.26), loss of consciousness was 5.96% (0.75, 15.08), disabilities was 10.79% (7.16, 15.02), and hospital admissions was 19.68% (15.54, 24.16). Some of the high figures indicate the need for prioritizing and addressing the problem. Furthermore, high-quality studies on this topic should be conducted, including on psychological health consequences, health-related quality of life, length of hospital stay, and death. PROSPERO registration: CRD42022332903.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 11, 2023
Online Publication Date Apr 18, 2023
Publication Date 2023-04
Deposit Date Apr 20, 2023
Publicly Available Date Apr 20, 2023
Journal Geriatrics
Electronic ISSN 2308-3417
Publisher MDPI AG
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8
Issue 2
Article Number 43
Keywords falls; health consequences; older adults; India; systematic review; meta-analysis
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