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Microwave pyrolysis of Laminaria digitata to produce unique seaweed-derived bio-oils

Kostas, Emily T.; Williams, Orla S.A.; Duran-Jimenez, Gabriela; Tapper, Andrew J.; Cooper, Mick; Meehan, Richard; Robinson, John P.


Emily T. Kostas

Gabriela Duran-Jimenez

Andrew J. Tapper

Mick Cooper

Richard Meehan


Microwave pyrolysis has become an attractive form of processing technology to generate bio-oil, bio-char and syngas from different biomass feedstocks. In this study, microwave pyrolysis was performed on the UK native seaweed Laminaria digitata and its extract residue from a bio-refinery process. Pyrolysis of these two feedstocks was successfully achieved without the requirement of microwave susceptors, as pelletizing the biomass was sufficient to allow microwave pyrolysis to occur. It was found that average energy requirements as low as 1.84–2.83 kJ g−1 were required to pyrolyse 55–70% of both feedstocks and bio-oil yields of 5–8% and 10–14% for native and extraction residue L. digitata were produced, respectively. Maximum microwave pyrolysis processing times were in the order of 200 s. The bio-oil generated from both feedstocks contained no phenolic based compounds, but a greater number of nitrogen-containing compounds and compounds derived from macroalgal polysaccharides. Yields of certain compounds differed in bio-oils generated from the two L. digitata feedstocks, however it was observed that specific energy did not have a direct influence on bio-oil compound yield. Furthermore, the identification of a particular nitrogen-containing compound L-Proline, 1-methyl-5-oxo-, methylester is thought to be a unique product of microwave pyrolysis when carbon-based additives are avoided.


Kostas, E. T., Williams, O. S., Duran-Jimenez, G., Tapper, A. J., Cooper, M., Meehan, R., & Robinson, J. P. (2019). Microwave pyrolysis of Laminaria digitata to produce unique seaweed-derived bio-oils. Biomass and Bioenergy, 125, 41-49.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 4, 2019
Online Publication Date Apr 15, 2019
Publication Date 2019-06
Deposit Date Apr 30, 2019
Publicly Available Date Apr 16, 2020
Journal Biomass and Bioenergy
Print ISSN 0961-9534
Electronic ISSN 1873-2909
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 125
Pages 41-49
Keywords Agronomy and Crop Science; Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; Waste Management and Disposal; Forestry
Public URL
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Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Microwave pyrolysis of Laminaria digitata to produce unique seaweed-derived bio-oils; Journal Title: Biomass and Bioenergy; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: Crown Copyright © 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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