Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

How Do Inclusionary and Exclusionary Autocracies Affect Ordinary People?

Neundorf, Anja; Gerschewski, Johannes; Olar, Roman-Gabriel

How Do Inclusionary and Exclusionary Autocracies Affect Ordinary People? Thumbnail


Anja Neundorf

Johannes Gerschewski

Roman-Gabriel Olar


We propose a distinction between inclusionary and exclusionary autocratic ruling strategies and develop novel theoretical propositions on the legacy that these strategies leave on citizens' political attitudes once the autocratic regime broke down. Using data of 1.3 million survey respondents from 70 countries and Hierarchical Age-Period-Cohort models we estimate between and within cohort differences in citizens' democratic support. We find that inclusionary regimes-with wider redistribution of socioeconomic and political benefits-leave a stronger anti-democratic legacy than exclusionary regimes on the political attitudes of their citizens. Similarly, citizens who were part of the winning group in an autocracy are more critical with democracy compared to citizens who were part of discriminated groups. This article contributes to our understanding about how autocracies affect the hearts and minds of ordinary citizens.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 16, 2019
Online Publication Date Jul 16, 2019
Publication Date Oct 1, 2020
Deposit Date Apr 29, 2019
Publicly Available Date Apr 29, 2019
Journal Comparative Political Studies
Print ISSN 0010-4140
Electronic ISSN 1552-3829
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 53
Issue 12
Pages 1890-1925
Keywords Authoritarianism, public goods, micro-foundation, inclusion, exclusion, cohort analysis, political socialization
Public URL
Publisher URL


Downloadable Citations