Numerical study on the effect of protective wall depth in reducing structure deformations caused by tunnelling
Song, Geyang; Xu, Jingmin; Marshall, Alec M.
ALEC MARSHALL email@example.com
Professor of Geotechnical Engineering
To reduce tunnelling induced damage of buildings, a 'protective wall' is sometimes constructed between the location of the new tunnel and existing foundations. One of the key design questions relates to the optimal wall depth, where further increase has a limited benefit in reducing structural distortions. This paper presents the results from finite element analyses used to study how protective walls reduce tunnelling induced damage to adjacent structures. A scenario where the protective is located very close to a tunnel is studied, which is considered to be of practical interest and a critical case concerning potential for building damage. The analyses consider a tunnel with a row of 4 piles (in sand) supporting a 5-storey steel frame running transverse to the tunnel direction, with a wall located between the tunnel and the first pile. Results show that the protective wall's depth affects soil and pile settlements, the redistribution of loads applied to the piles (due to structure stiness), and ultimately structural deformations and building damage. For the case considered, the optimal depth of the wall is approximately 1.25 times the tunnel axis depth; marginal reductions in pile settlements and building damage are obtained as wall depth is increased further.
Song, G., Xu, J., & Marshall, A. M. (2023). Numerical study on the effect of protective wall depth in reducing structure deformations caused by tunnelling. Computers and Geotechnics, 158, Article 105374. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compgeo.2023.105374
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Feb 28, 2023|
|Online Publication Date||Mar 9, 2023|
|Deposit Date||Mar 2, 2023|
|Publicly Available Date||Mar 10, 2025|
|Journal||Computers and Geotechnics|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Tunnelling; Finite element analysis; Pile; Structure; Protective wall|
This file is under embargo until Mar 10, 2025 due to copyright restrictions.
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