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Reversible, High-Affinity Surface Capturing of Proteins Directed by Supramolecular Assembly

Di Palma, Giuseppe; Kotowska, Anna M.; Hart, Lewis R.; Scurr, David J.; Rawson, Frankie J.; Tommasone, Stefano; Mendes, Paula M.


Giuseppe Di Palma

Anna M. Kotowska

Lewis R. Hart

Principal Research Fellow

Stefano Tommasone

Paula M. Mendes


The ability to design surfaces with reversible, high-affinity protein binding sites represents a significant step forward in the advancement of analytical methods for diverse biochemical and biomedical applications. Herein, we report a dynamic supramolecular strategy to directly assemble proteins on surfaces based on multivalent host–guest interactions. The host–guest interactions are achieved by one-step nanofabrication of a well-oriented β-cyclodextrin host-derived self-assembled monolayer on gold (β-CD-SAM) that forms specific inclusion complexes with hydrophobic amino acids located on the surface of the protein. Cytochrome c, insulin, α-chymotrypsin, and RNase A are used as model guest proteins. Surface plasmon resonance and static time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry studies demonstrate that all four proteins interact with the β-CD-SAM in a specific manner via the hydrophobic amino acids on the surface of the protein. The β-CD-SAMs bind the proteins with high nanomolar to single-digit micromolar dissociation constants (KD). Importantly, while the proteins can be captured with high affinity, their release from the surface can be achieved under very mild conditions. Our results expose the great advantages of using a supramolecular approach for controlling protein immobilization, in which the strategy described herein provides unprecedented opportunities to create advanced bioanalytic and biosensor technologies.


Di Palma, G., Kotowska, A. M., Hart, L. R., Scurr, D. J., Rawson, F. J., Tommasone, S., & Mendes, P. M. (2019). Reversible, High-Affinity Surface Capturing of Proteins Directed by Supramolecular Assembly. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 11(9), 8937-8944.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 5, 2019
Online Publication Date Feb 6, 2019
Publication Date Mar 6, 2019
Deposit Date Apr 3, 2019
Publicly Available Date Apr 3, 2019
Journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Print ISSN 1944-8244
Electronic ISSN 1944-8252
Publisher American Chemical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 9
Pages 8937-8944
Keywords cyclodextrins; host?guest complexes; multivalent host?guest interactions; protein immobilization; protein?surface interactions; self-assembled monolayers; supramolecular assembly; supramolecular interactions; surface plasmon resonance; time-of-flight seco
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see


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