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The pandemic readiness assessment of building design and engineering service-related legislation in Kazakhstan and the EU

Tokazhanov, Galym; Tokbolat, Serik; Tleuken, Aidana; Karaca, Ferhat


Galym Tokazhanov

Aidana Tleuken

Ferhat Karaca


Purpose: The current COVID-19 pandemic is influencing our life in every aspect, including working and living environments. Millions of people were forced to isolate themselves in their homes, which has posed significant pressure on buildings and shown us that our dwellings are not designed for such purposes. This is partly due to the fact that homes are designed and built for occasional use rather than isolated and long-term occupation. The legislative system of a country plays an important role in defining and shaping the conditions of people living there. Hence, the aim of the study is to evaluate the readiness of Kazakhstani and the EU construction-related legislation for pandemics. Design/methodology/approach: Previously developed pandemic-resilient indicators were used for the evaluation of construction legislation. Both legislative systems were reviewed, and the quality of responses was evaluated by assigning response scores. Findings: The results based on response scores indicate that the environmental resource consumption sub-category was better covered by EU legislation. At the same time, the buildings’ health, safety and comfort are better taken into account in Kazakhstani legislation. Seven pandemic-resilient indicators were not responded to by any legislative system indicating a gap between current legislation and requirements for new living conditions. Originality/value: No study has analyzed how COVID-19 can transform construction legislation. The study reveals the limitation of current construction legislation in Kazakhstan (KZ) and the EU, indicating the need for transformation to meet the requirements of the pandemic era.


Tokazhanov, G., Tokbolat, S., Tleuken, A., & Karaca, F. (2022). The pandemic readiness assessment of building design and engineering service-related legislation in Kazakhstan and the EU. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 2, 2022
Online Publication Date Dec 7, 2022
Publication Date Dec 7, 2022
Deposit Date Jan 31, 2023
Publicly Available Date Feb 21, 2023
Journal Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management
Print ISSN 0969-9988
Electronic ISSN 1365-232X
Publisher Emerald
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords General Business, Management and Accounting; Building and Construction; Architecture; Civil and Structural Engineering
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