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Anatomy and pathology of the Texel sheep larynx

Waine, Katie; Strugnell, Ben; Remnant, John; Lovatt, Fiona; Green, Martin; Rideout, Hannah; Genever, Elizabeth; Baiker, Kerstin

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Katie Waine

Ben Strugnell

John Remnant

Clinical Associate Professor

Professor of Cattle Health & Epidemiology

Hannah Rideout

Elizabeth Genever

Kerstin Baiker


Laryngeal chondritis, or “Texel throat”, is a disease affecting the upper respiratory tract of sheep with breeds like the Texel appearing to be predisposed. Previous work suggests the conformation of these breeds of sheep may be predisposing these animals to laryngeal disease. This study evaluated the anatomy of the Texel sheep larynx and describes incidental pathology. Forty-three larynges from rams of the Texel and Bluefaced Leicester breeds of sheep were measured and photographed. A larynx from each breed was submitted for computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Measurements, photography, CT, and MRI demonstrated a difference in the anatomy of the larynx between breeds and a higher proportion of Texel sheep had laryngeal lesions. This study supports the hypothesis that the anatomy of the Texel sheep could be pre-disposing the breed to laryngeal chondritis.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 20, 2019
Online Publication Date Feb 27, 2019
Publication Date Feb 27, 2019
Deposit Date Mar 12, 2019
Publicly Available Date Mar 13, 2019
Journal Veterinary Sciences
Electronic ISSN 2306-7381
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Issue 1
Article Number 21
Keywords Texel; Bluefaced leicester; Sheep; Larynx; Laryngeal chondritis; Texel throat; Respiratory disease
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