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Hydrogen storage in liquid hydrogen carriers: recent activities and new trends

Ulucan, Tolga Han; Akhade, Sneha A; Ambalakatte, Ajith; Autrey, Tom; Cairns, Alasdair; Chen, Ping; Cho, Young Whan; Gallucci, Fausto; Gao, Wenbo; Grinderslev, Jakob B; Grubel, Katarzyna; Jensen, Torben R; de Jongh, Petra E; Kothandaraman, Jotheeswari; Lamb, Krystina E; Lee, Young-Su; Makhloufi, Camel; Ngene, Peter; Olivier, Pierre; Webb, Colin J; Wegman, Berenger; Wood, Brandon C; Weidenthaler, Claudia

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Tolga Han Ulucan

Sneha A Akhade

Ajith Ambalakatte

Tom Autrey

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Chair in Combustion Engineering

Ping Chen

Young Whan Cho

Fausto Gallucci

Wenbo Gao

Jakob B Grinderslev

Katarzyna Grubel

Torben R Jensen

Petra E de Jongh

Jotheeswari Kothandaraman

Krystina E Lamb

Young-Su Lee

Camel Makhloufi

Peter Ngene

Pierre Olivier

Colin J Webb

Berenger Wegman

Brandon C Wood

Claudia Weidenthaler


Efficient storage of hydrogen is one of the biggest challenges towards a potential hydrogen economy. Hydrogen storage in liquid carriers is an attractive alternative to compression or liquefaction at low temperatures. Liquid carriers can be stored cost-effectively and transportation and distribution can be integrated into existing infrastructures. The development of efficient liquid carriers is part of the work of the International Energy Agency Task 40: Hydrogen-Based Energy Storage. Here, we report the state-of-the-art for ammonia and closed CO2-cycle methanol-based storage options as well for liquid organic hydrogen carriers.


Ulucan, T. H., Akhade, S. A., Ambalakatte, A., Autrey, T., Cairns, A., Chen, P., …Weidenthaler, C. (2023). Hydrogen storage in liquid hydrogen carriers: recent activities and new trends. Progress in Energy, 5(1), Article 012004.

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date Dec 16, 2022
Online Publication Date Jan 13, 2023
Publication Date Jan 13, 2023
Deposit Date Jan 14, 2023
Publicly Available Date Jan 17, 2023
Journal Progress in Energy
Electronic ISSN 2516-1083
Publisher IOP Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Issue 1
Article Number 012004
Keywords Topical Review, hydrogen storage, liquid carriers, ammonia, methanol, catalysis
Public URL
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