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A systematic review and meta-analysis of pain neuroscience education for chronic low back pain: Short-and long-term outcomes of pain and disability

Wood, Lianne; Hendrick, Paul A.

A systematic review and meta-analysis of pain neuroscience education for chronic low back pain: Short-and long-term outcomes of pain and disability Thumbnail


Authors

Lianne Wood

Paul A. Hendrick



Abstract

Background and Objective

Pain neuroscience education (PNE) has shown promising ability in previous reviews to improve pain and disability in chronic low back pain (CLBP). This review aimed to evaluate randomized controlled trials comparing the effectiveness of PNE on pain and disability in CLBP.

Databases and Data Treatment

A systematic search was performed using the databases of EBSCO, Medline, Cochrane and Web of Science. Meta‐analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.1 software to pool outcomes using the random effects model, weighted mean differences (WMD), standard deviation, 95% confidence intervals and sample size. GRADEpro software was utilized to calculate overall strength of evidence.

Results

A total of 6,767 papers were found, eight were included (n = 615). Meta‐analysis for short‐term pain (n = 428) demonstrated a WMD of 0.73 (95%CI −0.14, 1.61) on a ten‐point scale of PNE against no PNE (GRADE analysis low evidence). When PNE alongside physiotherapy interventions were grouped for pain (n = 212), a WMD of 1.32 was demonstrated (95% CI 1.08, 1.56, p < 0.00001; GRADE analysis moderate evidence). Short‐term disability (RMDQ) meta‐analysis demonstrated a WMD of 0.42 (95%CI 0.28, 0.56; p < 0.00001; n = 362; GRADE analysis moderate evidence); whereas the addition of PNE to physiotherapy interventions demonstrated a WMD of 3.94 (95% CI 3.37, 4.52; p < 0.00001; GRADE analysis moderate evidence.

Conclusion

This review presents moderate evidence that the addition of PNE to usual physiotherapy intervention in patients with CLBP improves disability in the short term. However, this meta‐analysis failed to show evidence of long‐term improvement on pain or disability when adding PNE to usual physiotherapy.

Significance

This review demonstrates moderate level evidence that the use of pain neuroscience education alongside physiotherapy interventions probably improves disability and pain in the short term in chronic low back pain. These results provide greater support for the addition of pain neuroscience education in routine physiotherapy practice in chronic low back pain.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 29, 2018
Online Publication Date Oct 14, 2018
Publication Date 2019-02
Deposit Date Feb 21, 2019
Publicly Available Date Oct 15, 2019
Journal European Journal of Pain
Print ISSN 1090-3801
Electronic ISSN 1532-2149
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Issue 2
Pages 234-249
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/ejp.1314
Keywords Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1574403
Publisher URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ejp.1314
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Wood L, Hendrick PA. A systematic review and meta‐analysis of pain neuroscience education for chronic low back pain: Short‐and long‐term outcomes of pain and disability. Eur J Pain. 2019;23:234–249, which has been published in final form at Wood L, Hendrick PA. A systematic review and meta‐analysis of pain neuroscience education for chronic low back pain: Short‐and long‐term outcomes of pain and disability. Eur J Pain. 2019;23:234–249. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

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