Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Determination of the Spherical Couple-Stress in Polar Linear Isotropic Elasticity

Soldatos, K. P.


K. P. Soldatos


It is well known that the conventional couple-stress theory leaves the spherical part of the couple-stress indeterminate. This indeterminacy problem is recently resolved for fibrous composites subjected to either small or large deformations and containing a single family of fibres resistant in bending (Soldatos in Math. Mech. Solids, 2021, However, the problem remains still unsolved in simpler cases where the implied preference material direction is not related to fibre bending resistance, and even in the simplest possible case where the polar material of interest is linearly elastic and isotropic. This communication aims (i) to show that a relevant virtual spin concept employed (Soldatos in Math. Mech. Solids, 2021, is further applicable in the latter case of polar linear isotropic elasticity, (ii) to demonstrate the process in which that concept thus leads to determination of the spherical part of the couple-stress, (iii) to exemplify this process by providing a couple of simple illustrative examples, (iv) to specify and discuss the reason that the outlined method meets a hurdle in cases of linear anisotropic elasticity that is due to one or more preferential material directions, and, hence, (v) to further discuss the manner in which that newly identified difficulty is currently confronted, and may thus be handled successfully.


Soldatos, K. P. (2023). Determination of the Spherical Couple-Stress in Polar Linear Isotropic Elasticity. Journal of Elasticity,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 21, 2022
Online Publication Date Jan 12, 2023
Publication Date Jan 12, 2023
Deposit Date Jan 4, 2023
Publicly Available Date Jan 13, 2024
Journal Journal of Elasticity
Print ISSN 0374-3535
Electronic ISSN 1573-2681
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Couple-stress theory; Elasticity; Generalised Cosserat theory; Isotropic elasticity; Polar elasticity; Spherical part of the couple-stress
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Received: 1 July 2022; Accepted: 21 December 2022; First Online: 12 January 2023; : ; : The authors declare no competing interests.


Downloadable Citations