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Selective low temperature chemical looping combustion of higher alkanes with Cu- and Mn- oxides



Cheng-Gong Sun

Professor of Chemical Technology & Chemical Eng


Chemical looping combustion (CLC) of n-hexadecane and n-heptane with copper and manganese oxides (CuO and Mn2O3) has been investigated in a fixed bed reactor to reveal the extent to which low temperature CLC can potentially be applicable to hydrocarbons. The effects of fuel to oxygen carrier ratio, fuel feed flow rate, and fuel residence time on the extent of combustion are reported. Methane did not combust, while near complete conversion was achieved for both n-hexadecane and n-heptane with excess oxygen carrier for CuO. For Mn2O3, complete reduction to Mn3O4 occurred, but the extent of combustion was controlled by the much slower reduction to MnO. Although the extent of cracking is relatively small in the absence of cracking catalysts, for the mechanism to be selective for higher hydrocarbons suggests that the reaction with oxygen involves radicals or carbocations arising from bond scission. Sintering of pure CuO occurred after repeated cycles, but this can easily be avoided using a support, such as alumina. The fact that higher hydrocarbons can be combusted selectively at 500 °C and below, offers the possibility of using CLC to remove these hydrocarbons and potentially other organics from hot gas streams.


Güleç, F., Meredith, W., Sun, C., & Snape, C. E. (2019). Selective low temperature chemical looping combustion of higher alkanes with Cu- and Mn- oxides. Energy, 173, 658-666.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 13, 2019
Online Publication Date Feb 15, 2019
Publication Date Apr 15, 2019
Deposit Date Feb 18, 2019
Publicly Available Date Feb 18, 2019
Journal Energy
Print ISSN 0360-5442
Electronic ISSN 1873-6785
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 173
Pages 658-666
Keywords CO2 capture; Chemical looping combustion (CLC); Liquid fuels; Copper-based oxygen carrier; Manganese-based oxygen carrier
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