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Impact of early exposure to a cafeteria diet on prefrontal cortex monoamines and novel object recognition in adolescent rats

Moreton, E.; Baron, P.; Tiplady, S.; McCall, S.; Clifford, B.; Langley-Evans, S. C.; Fone, K. C.F.; Voigt, J. P.

Authors

E. Moreton

P. Baron

S. Tiplady

S. McCall

B. Clifford

KEVIN FONE KEVIN.FONE@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor of Neuroscience

J. P. Voigt



Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier B.V. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) undergoes protracted postnatal development such that its structure and behavioural function may be profoundly altered by environmental factors. Here we investigate the effect of lactational dietary manipulations on novel object recognition (NOR) learning and PFC monoamine neurotransmitter metabolism in early adolescent rats. To this end, Wistar rat dams were fed a high caloric cafeteria diet (CD) during lactation and resultant 24–26 day old offspring exposed to NOR testing and simultaneous PFC dopamine and serotonin metabolism measurement. In the second NOR choice trial where one familiar and one novel object were presented controls explored the novel preferentially to the familiar object both after a 5 min (P < 0.001) or 30 min (P < 0.05) inter-trial intervals (ITI). By contrast, offspring from dams fed on lactational CD failed to show any significant preference for the novel object at either time point. Compared with chow fed controls, their average exploration ratio of the novel object was lower after the 5 min ITI (P < 0.05). Following a 60 min ITI, neither CD nor control offspring showed a preference for the novel object. PFC dopamine metabolism was significantly reduced in the CD group (P < 0.001), whereas serotonin metabolism was increased (P < 0.001). These results suggest that an obesogenic lactational diet can have a detrimental impact on cognition in adolescent offspring associated with aberrant PFC serotonin and dopamine metabolism.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 2, 2019
Journal Behavioural Brain Research
Print ISSN 0166-4328
Electronic ISSN 1872-7549
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 363
Pages 191-198
APA6 Citation Moreton, E., Baron, P., Tiplady, S., McCall, S., Clifford, B., Langley-Evans, S. C., …Voigt, J. P. (2019). Impact of early exposure to a cafeteria diet on prefrontal cortex monoamines and novel object recognition in adolescent rats. Behavioural Brain Research, 363, 191-198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2019.02.003
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2019.02.003
Keywords Behavioral Neuroscience
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166432818315353?via%3Dihub
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Impact of early exposure to a cafeteria diet on prefrontal cortex monoamines and novel object recognition in adolescent rats; Journal Title: Behavioural Brain Research; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2019.02.003; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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