This article explores the legal bases of autonomy in peacekeeping and whether it has developed to such an extent that there are signs of a self-referential legal order governing peacekeeping, separate from other legal orders. Given that it will be shown that the principles governing peacekeeping are derived from general international law, there must be a presumption against there being a self-referential legal order, but the possibility that there has been a significant development of specific principles and rules will be explored. Moreover, this development may have occurred to such an extent that although the original source may remain in international law, a separate legal order has emerged. If the norms of that legal order no longer reflect the wider principles of international law then concerns revolve not only around fragmentation of international law, but also around the continuing compatibility of peacekeeping with international law.
White, N. D. (2019). Peacekeeping Doctrine: An Autonomous Legal Order?. Nordic Journal of International Law, 88(1), 86-110. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718107-088010005