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The impact of dairy protein intake on muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in middle-aged to older adults with or without existing sarcopenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Hanach, Nivine I.; McCullough, Fiona; Avery, Amanda

Authors

Nivine I. Hanach



Abstract

Sarcopenia is an age-related condition associated with a progressive loss of muscle mass and strength. Insufficient protein intake is a risk factor for sarcopenia. Protein supplementation is suggested to improve muscle anabolism and function in younger and older adults. Dairy products are a good source of high-quality proteins. This review evaluates the effectiveness of dairy proteins on functions associated with sarcopenia in middleaged and older adults. Randomized controlled trials were identified using PubMed, CINAHL/EBSCO, and Web of Science databases (last search: 10 May 2017) and were quality assessed. The results of appendicular muscle mass and muscle strength of handgrip and leg press were pooled using a random-effects model. The analysis of the Short Physical Performance Battery is presented in narrative form. Adverse events and tolerability of dairy protein supplementation were considered as secondary outcomes. Fourteen studies involving 1424 participants aged between 61 and 81 y met the inclusion criteria. Dairy protein significantly increased appendicular muscle mass (0.13 kg; 95% CI: 0.01, 0.26 kg; P= 0.04); however, it had no effect on improvement in handgrip (0.84 kg; 95% CI: −0.24, 1.93 kg; P = 0.13) or leg press (0.37 kg; 95% CI: −4.79, 5.53 kg; P= 0.89). The effect of dairy protein on the Short Physical Performance Battery was inconclusive. Nine studies reported the dairy protein to be well tolerated with no serious adverse events. Although future high-quality research is required to establish the optimal type of dairy protein, the present systematic review provides evidence of the beneficial effect of dairy protein as a potential nutrition strategy to improve appendicular muscle mass in middle-aged and older adults.

Journal Article Type Review
Publication Date Jan 8, 2019
Journal Advances in Nutrition
Electronic ISSN 2156-5376
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 1
Pages 59-69
APA6 Citation Hanach, N. I., McCullough, F., & Avery, A. (2019). The impact of dairy protein intake on muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in middle-aged to older adults with or without existing sarcopenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Advances in Nutrition, 10(1), 59-69. https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy065
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy065
Keywords Food Science; Nutrition and Dietetics; Medicine (miscellaneous)
Publisher URL https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.1093/advances/nmy065/5280619
Additional Information This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Advances in Nutrition following peer review. The version of record, The impact of dairy protein intake on muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in middle-aged to older adults with or without existing sarcopenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Nivine I Hanach Fiona McCullough Amanda Avery, Advances in Nutrition, 2019 is available online at: https://academic.oup.co...dvances/nmy065/5280619.

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