In the pursuit of materials with structure-related function, directing the assembly of materials is paramount. The resultant structure can be controlled by ordering of reactants, spatial confinement and control over the reaction/crystallisation times and stoichiometries. These conditions can be administered through the use of flow technologies as evidenced by the growing widespread application of microfluidics for the production of nanomaterials; the function of which is often dictated or circumscribed by size. In this review a range of flow technologies is explored for use in the control of self-assembled systems: including techniques for reagent ordering, mixing control and high-through-put optimisation. The examples given encompass organic, inorganic and biological systems and focus on control of shape, function, composition and size.
Robertson, K. (2017). Using flow technologies to direct the synthesis and assembly of materials in solution. Chemistry Central Journal, 11(1), doi:10.1186/s13065-016-0229-1