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VEGFC Reduces Glomerular Albumin Permeability and Protects Against Alterations in VEGF Receptor Expression in Diabetic Nephropathy

Onions, Karen L.; Gamez, Monica; Buckner, Nicola R.; Baker, Siân L.; Betteridge, Kai B.; Desideri, Sara; Dallyn, Benjamin P.; Ramnath, Raina D.; Neal, Chris R.; Farmer, Louise K.; Mathieson, Peter W.; Gnudi, Luigi; Alitalo, Kari; Bates, David O.; Salmon, Andrew H.J.; Welsh, Gavin I.; Satchell, Simon C.; Foster, Rebecca R.

Authors

Karen L. Onions

Monica Gamez

Nicola R. Buckner

Siân L. Baker

Kai B. Betteridge

Sara Desideri

Benjamin P. Dallyn

Raina D. Ramnath

Chris R. Neal

Louise K. Farmer

Peter W. Mathieson

Luigi Gnudi

Kari Alitalo

Andrew H.J. Salmon

Gavin I. Welsh

Simon C. Satchell

Rebecca R. Foster



Abstract

Elevated levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) A are thought to cause glomerular endothelial cell (GEnC) dysfunction and albuminuria in diabetic nephropathy. We hypothesized that VEGFC could counteract these effects of VEGFA to protect the glomerular filtration barrier and reduce albuminuria. Isolated glomeruli were stimulated ex vivo with VEGFC, which reduced VEGFA- and type 2 diabetes–induced glomerular albumin solute permeability (Ps’alb). VEGFC had no detrimental effect on glomerular function in vivo when overexpression was induced locally in podocytes (podVEGFC) in otherwise healthy mice. Further, these mice had reduced glomerular VEGFA mRNA expression, yet increased glomerular VEGF receptor heterodimerization, indicating differential signaling by VEGFC. In a model of type 1 diabetes, the induction of podVEGFC overexpression reduced the development of hypertrophy, albuminuria, loss of GEnC fenestrations and protected against altered VEGF receptor expression. In addition, VEGFC protected against raised Ps’alb by endothelial glycocalyx disruption in glomeruli. In summary, VEGFC reduced the development of diabetic nephropathy, prevented VEGF receptor alterations in the diabetic glomerulus, and promoted both glomerular protection and endothelial barrier function. These important findings highlight a novel pathway for future investigation in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2019-01
Journal Diabetes
Print ISSN 0012-1797
Electronic ISSN 1939-327X
Publisher American Diabetes Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 68
Issue 1
Pages 172-187
APA6 Citation Onions, K. L., Gamez, M., Buckner, N. R., Baker, S. L., Betteridge, K. B., Desideri, S., …Foster, R. R. (2019). VEGFC Reduces Glomerular Albumin Permeability and Protects Against Alterations in VEGF Receptor Expression in Diabetic Nephropathy. Diabetes, 68(1), 172-187. doi:10.2337/db18-0045
DOI https://doi.org/10.2337/db18-0045
Keywords Internal Medicine; Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Publisher URL https://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/68/1/172
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