Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

A validated analytical-numerical modelling strategy to predict residual stresses in single-track laser deposited IN718

Walker, T.R.; Bennett, C.J.; Lee, T.L.; Clare, A.T.


T.R. Walker

T.L. Lee

Professor of Manufacturing Engineering


Direct Energy Deposition (DED) is being increasingly used to repair high value components that have been damaged in-service. The uptake of DED and laser cladding operations for repair is inhibited by accurate modelling techniques. Often the repair process required is unique, therefore modelling techniques are necessary to determine the process inputs for the specific application. The DED process subjects the component to high thermal gradients resulting in high magnitude residual stresses and component distortion. Prediction of these parameters would reduce the need for costly experimental trials to quantify the repair strategy. Here, a single-track deposition of IN718, utilising a Nd:YAG laser source and coaxial nozzle, was modelled using a semi analytical-numerical approach. The track profile, temperature fields, melt pool geometry and stress evolutions were simulated for a constant set of process parameters. A corresponding experimental trial was conducted to validate the proposed model, through the use of focus variation microscopy, in-situ temperature measurements, optical micrographs and neutron diffraction measurements. A good correlation between the experimental and numerical data sets were apparent. The track profile was predicted with a maximum error of 1.98% and 0.43% for the width and height respectively. The maximum error for the peak temperature and residual stress was 3.1% and 18% respectively. Overall, the modelling strategy presented encompasses the key process variables, allowing accurate predictions of the thermal and mechanical effects of the process.


Walker, T., Bennett, C., Lee, T., & Clare, A. (2019). A validated analytical-numerical modelling strategy to predict residual stresses in single-track laser deposited IN718. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 151, 609-621.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 4, 2018
Online Publication Date Dec 6, 2018
Publication Date 2019-02
Deposit Date Dec 19, 2018
Publicly Available Date Dec 19, 2018
Journal International Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Print ISSN 0020-7403
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 151
Pages 609-621
Keywords Mechanical Engineering; General Materials Science; Mechanics of Materials; Civil and Structural Engineering; Condensed Matter Physics
Public URL
Publisher URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations