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Free convection heat transfer and entropy generation analysis of water-Fe 3 O 4 /CNT hybrid nanofluid in a concentric annulus

Shahsavar, Amin; Talebizadeh Sardari, Pouyan; Toghraie, D.

Authors

Amin Shahsavar

Pouyan Talebizadeh Sardari

D. Toghraie



Abstract

© 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited. Purpose: This paper aims to numerically investigate the heat transfer and entropy generation characteristics of water-based hybrid nanofluid in natural convection flow inside a concentric horizontal annulus. Design/methodology/approach: The hybrid nanofluid is prepared by suspending tetramethylammonium hydroxide-coated Fe 3 O 4 (magnetite) nanoparticles and gum arabic (GA)-coated carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in water. The effects of nanoparticle volume concentration and Rayleigh number on the streamlines, isotherms, average Nusselt number and the thermal, frictional and total entropy generation rates are investigated comprehensively. Findings: Results show the advantageous effect of hybrid nanofluid on the average Nusselt number. Furthermore, the study of entropy generation shows the increment of both frictional and thermal entropy generation rates by increasing Fe 3 O 4 and CNT concentrations at various Rayleigh numbers. Increasing Rayleigh number from 103 to 105, at Fe 3 O 4 concentration of 0.9 per cent and CNT concentration of 1.35 per cent, increases the average Nusselt number, thermal entropy generation rate and frictional entropy generation rate by 224.95, 224.65 and 155.25 per cent, respectively. Moreover, increasing the Fe 3 O 4 concentration from 0.5 to 0.9 per cent, at Rayleigh number of 105 and CNT concentration of 1.35 per cent, intensifies the average Nusselt number, thermal entropy generation rate and frictional entropy generation rate by 18.36, 22.78 and 72.7 per cent, respectively. Originality/value: To the best knowledge of the authors, there are not any archival publications considering the detailed behaviour of the natural convective heat transfer and entropy generation of hybrid nanofluid in a concentric annulus.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Mar 4, 2019
Journal International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow
Print ISSN 0961-5539
Publisher Emerald
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 29
Issue 3
Pages 915-934
APA6 Citation Shahsavar, A., Talebizadeh Sardari, P., & Toghraie, D. (2019). Free convection heat transfer and entropy generation analysis of water-Fe 3 O 4 /CNT hybrid nanofluid in a concentric annulus. International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, 29(3), 915-934. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-08-2018-0424
DOI https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-08-2018-0424
Keywords Entropy generation, Natural convection, Hybrid nanofluid, CNT, Concentric annulus, Fe3O4
Publisher URL https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/HFF-08-2018-0424

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