The mortality rate amongst prisoners is up to 50% higher than the mortality rate in the community (UNOHCHR, 2019: 9). Globally, there are 11.5 million prisoners incarcerated and prisoner death rates are increasing due to factors including growing and aging prison populations (Van Zyl Smit and Appleton, 2019). In England and Wales alone, record prison suicide numbers in 2016 cost an estimated £400 million (Tomczak and Banwell-Moore, 2021). Prison deaths and prison suicides harm society, bereaved families, prisoners, prison staff and investigators (Banwell-Moore et al, 2022). Moreover, unsafe prisons mean unsafe societies (Tomczak, 2022).
Banwell-Moore, R. What Is Known About Prisoner Deaths Internationally? Results Of A ProQuest Database Search. University of Nottingham