Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Effect of scour erosion on mode shapes of a 5 MW monopile-supported offshore wind turbine

Jawalageri, Satish; Prendergast, Luke J.; Jalilvand, Soroosh; Malekjafarian, Abdollah


Satish Jawalageri

Profile Image

Assistant Professor in Civil Engineering

Soroosh Jalilvand

Abdollah Malekjafarian


This paper investigates the influence of scour erosion on the mode shapes of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) 5 MW offshore wind turbine (OWT) in varying soil conditions, where modes are derived from wind and wave-induced accelerations. A numerical model, which considers aerodynamic and hydrodynamic loading with soil-structure interaction (SSI) and servo-dynamics, is developed. The superstructure is modelled using OpenFAST and the foundation is modelled with SESAM, where SSI is incorporated using Winkler (p-y) springs. The foundation stiffness is subsequently integrated in OpenFAST using mudline interface springs. The influence of soil density, scour hole depth, and loading on the derived mode shapes is studied. Accelerations are extracted at nine locations along the tower. The first two system natural frequencies and mode shapes are estimated using frequency domain decomposition (FDD) applied to the acceleration time-histories for each scour depth and soil condition. Modal Assurance Criterion (MAC) values are calculated to evaluate the changes in mode shapes that occur due to scour. It is shown that the mode shapes present consistent changes as scour depth increases, and the second mode shape exhibits more sensitivity to scour. The sensitivity of mode shape changes to scour under variations in wind speed and measurement noise are also investigated.


Jawalageri, S., Prendergast, L. J., Jalilvand, S., & Malekjafarian, A. (2022). Effect of scour erosion on mode shapes of a 5 MW monopile-supported offshore wind turbine. Ocean Engineering, 266(Part 5), Article 113131.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 6, 2022
Online Publication Date Nov 17, 2022
Publication Date Dec 15, 2022
Deposit Date Nov 17, 2022
Publicly Available Date Nov 18, 2023
Journal Ocean Engineering
Print ISSN 0029-8018
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 266
Issue Part 5
Article Number 113131
Keywords Ocean Engineering; Environmental Engineering
Public URL
Publisher URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations