Kathryn L. Fair
Intestinal organoids for modelling intestinal development and disease
Fair, Kathryn L.; Colquhoun, Jennifer; Hannan, Nicholas R. F.
NICK HANNAN NICK.HANNAN@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Assistant Professor in Translational Stem Cell Biology
Gastrointestinal diseases are becoming increasingly prevalent in developed countries. Immortalized cells and animal models have delivered important but limited insight into the mechanisms that initiate and propagate these diseases. Human-specific models of intestinal development and disease are desperately needed that can recapitulate structure and function of the gut in vitro. Advances in pluripotent stem cells and primary tissue culture techniques have made it possible to culture intestinal epithelial cells in three dimensions that self-assemble to form ‘intestinal organoids'. These organoids allow for new, human-specific models that can be used to gain insight into gastrointestinal disease and potentially deliver new therapies to treat them. Here we review current in vitro models of intestinal development and disease, considering where improvements could be made and potential future applications in the fields of developmental modelling, drug/toxicity testing and therapeutic uses.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Jul 5, 2018|
|Journal||Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences|
|Publisher||Royal Society, The|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Fair, K. L., Colquhoun, J., & Hannan, N. R. F. (2018). Intestinal organoids for modelling intestinal development and disease. Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences, 373(1750), doi:10.1098/rstb.2017.0217|
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