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Configurations of capacity for change in entrepreneurial threshold firms: imprinting and strategic choice perspectives

Judge, Willam; Hu, Helen; Talaulicar, Till; Witt, Michael; Zattoni, Alessandro; Lopez-Iturriaga, Felix; Chen, Jean; Shukla, Dhirendra; Quttainah, Majdi; Adegbite, Emmanuel; Rivas, Jose; Kibler, Bruce


Willam Judge

Helen Hu

Till Talaulicar

Michael Witt

Alessandro Zattoni

Felix Lopez-Iturriaga

Jean Chen

Dhirendra Shukla

Majdi Quttainah

Professor in Accounting and Corporate Governance

Jose Rivas

Bruce Kibler


Imprinting theory suggests that founding conditions are 'stamped' on organizations, and these imprinted routines often resist change. In contrast, strategic choice theory suggests that the firm can overcome organizational inertia and deliberately choose its future. Both theories offer dramatically different explanations behind an organization's capacity for change. IPO firms provide a unique context for exploring how imprinting forces interact with strategic choice factors to address organizational capacity for change as a firm moves from private to public firm status. Juxtaposing imprinting and strategic choice perspectives, we employ fuzzy set to examine the multi-level determinants of organizational capacity for change. Our cross-national data reveals three effective configurations of organizational capacity for change within IPOs, and two ineffective configurations. Our results suggest that the antecedents of organizational capacity for change in entrepreneurial threshold firms are nonlinear, interdependent, and equifinal.


Judge, W., Hu, H., Talaulicar, T., Witt, M., Zattoni, A., Lopez-Iturriaga, F., …Kibler, B. (2014). Configurations of capacity for change in entrepreneurial threshold firms: imprinting and strategic choice perspectives. Journal of Management Studies, 52(4), 506-530.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 25, 2014
Online Publication Date Dec 31, 2014
Publication Date Dec 31, 2014
Deposit Date Dec 5, 2018
Publicly Available Date Feb 27, 2019
Print ISSN 0022-2380
Electronic ISSN 1467-6486
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 52
Issue 4
Pages 506-530
Keywords imprinting theory, strategic choice theory, organizational capacity for change, fuzzy; set analysis, IPO firms; 2
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Judge, W. Q., Hu, H. W., Gabrielsson, J. , Talaulicar, T. , Witt, M. A., Zattoni, A. , López‐Iturriaga, F. , Chen, J. J., Shukla, D. , Quttainah, M. , Adegbite, E. , Luis Rivas, J. and Kibler, B. (2015), Configurations of Capacity for Change in Entrepreneurial Threshold Firms: Imprinting and Strategic Choice Perspectives. Jour. of Manage. Stud., 52: 506-530, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions."


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