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Solar tracking systems: technologies and trackers drive types : a review

Hafez, A.Z.; Yousef, A.M.; Harag, N.M.


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Marie Sklodowska-Curie Early Stage Researcher

A.M. Yousef

N.M. Harag


This paper presents a comprehensive review on solar tracking systems and their potentials in solar energy applications. The paper overviews the design parameters, construction, types and drive system techniques covering different usage application. There are two main solar tracking systems types that depending on their movement degrees of freedoms are single axis solar tracking system and dual axis solar tracking system, which are addressed in the recent studies. The solar tracker drive systems encompassed five categories based on the tracking technologies, namely, active tracking, passive tracking, semi-passive tracking, manual tracking, and chronological tracking. The paper described the various designs and components of the tracking systems. There are 42.57% of the studies discussed and presented single axis tracking systems while 41.58% of these studies to the dual axes tracking systems. In the recent research studies, the most common solar tracker drive type was active tracker by 76.42% usage in applications while in the second most impact type is the chronological solar tracker by 7.55%. Furthermore, in the solar tracking techniques, Azimuth and altitude tracking achieved 16.67% in usage, Horizontal tracking by 16.67%, Azimuth tracking by 10%, and polar tracking by 4.44%.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Aug 30, 2018
Journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Print ISSN 1364-0321
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 91
Pages 754-782
Institution Citation Hafez, A., Yousef, A., & Harag, N. (2018). Solar tracking systems: technologies and trackers drive types : a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 91, 754-782. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.094
Keywords Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Publisher URL
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Solar tracking systems: Technologies and trackers drive types – A review; Journal Title: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.