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An updated simulation framework for the prediction of process induced shape distortion in thermoset composites

Traiforos, Neoklis; Turner, Thomas; Runeberg, Patrik; Fernass, Daoud; Chronopoulos, Dimitrios; Glock, Florian; Schuhmacher, Gerd

An updated simulation framework for the prediction of process induced shape distortion in thermoset composites Thumbnail


Authors

Neoklis Traiforos

Patrik Runeberg

Daoud Fernass

Dimitrios Chronopoulos

Florian Glock

Gerd Schuhmacher



Abstract

A significant problem encountered during the manufacturing process of thermoset composite structures is the distortion of their shape from their CAD-nominal geometry. Shape distortions can be attributed to the residual stresses which are imposed within the structure during its manufacture. The present study investigates the ability of two simulation processes to accurately predict process induced shape distortions of aerospace frame structures. The two simulation processes use the same geometry, mesh quality, material properties, micromechanics and cure kinetics model, but differ on the definition of their constitutive equation. The constitutive equation of the material models is implemented using the UMAT subroutine of the ABAQUS FEA software. The first simulation process which is investigated employs the CHILE (Cure Hardening Instantaneous Linear Elastic) model [1] which is widely used because of its simplicity, its fast calculation times and its enhanced accuracy to simulate shape distortions relative to the pure elastic models. However, the CHILE model cannot predict any stress relaxation during curing. The second simulation process which is investigated employs the Harrison Poon and M. Fouad Ahmad innovative constitutive update scheme for simulating anisotropic, thermo rheologically simple, viscoelastic solids [2]. The modelling of the viscoelastic behaviour of the resin during the curing process is done with the use of a generalized Maxwell model. The implementation of a viscoelastic material model allows the simulation of all the time dependent factors which affect shape distortions like the cure time, heating and cooling rates and stress relaxation. The effect of different mechanical boundary conditions on simulation results is also investigated for both material models. The results of the two simulation processes are compared in terms of calculation times and regarding their ability to accurately predict shape distortions of a typical aerospace frame. As a reference for assessing the accuracy of the simulation processes and the boundary conditions, measurement data which come from the 3D scanning of the manufactured frame is used. Conclusions are made regarding the accuracy of the two material models and the effect of mechanical boundary conditions on simulation results. Further steps to increase the accuracy of the simulation processes or reduce their calculation times are proposed.

Conference Name 8th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on the Mechanical Response of Composites: COMPOSITES 2021
Conference Location Online
Start Date Sep 22, 2021
End Date Sep 24, 2021
Acceptance Date Apr 15, 2021
Online Publication Date Sep 24, 2021
Publication Date Sep 24, 2021
Deposit Date Nov 8, 2022
Publicly Available Date Nov 8, 2022
Publisher CIMNE
Series Title ECCOMAS Thematic Conference
Book Title 8th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on the Mechanical Response of Composites: COMPOSITES 2021
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/13455063
Related Public URLs https://congress.cimne.com/Composites2021/frontal/default.asp
Additional Information Conference abstract

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Neoklis Traiforos 8th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference An Updated Simulation Framework For The Prediction Of Process Induced Shape Distortion In Thermoset Composites (93 Kb)
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