The process of co-pyro-gasification of biomass and plastics appears to have the potential for increasing syngas production for power generation and thus minimizing the impact of plastic waste on the environment. This study was based on co-pyro-gasification of selected natural/synthetic polymers and cocoa pod husks as biomass material to ascertain the optimal ratios for enhanced volatile yields. The results showed that gasification of pure biomass commenced at 1500 K, whereas gasification of mixed plastics and biomass started at much lower temperature of 1000 K accompanied with higher syngas yield. Single and multiple plastics produced the most syngas while double plastics had detrimental impact on syngas production. For instance, single plastics with polyethylene terephthalate achieved 65% increase in syngas yield. Mixed-plastics consisting of high-density polyethylene, low-density polyethylene, polypropylene, and polyethylene terephthalate, achieved an increase of 40% - 55% in syngas yield. Whereas antagonistic effects were observed in some double plastics systems such as polyethylene terephthalate and polypropylene. The results indicate that although plastics are instrumental in the thermodynamic equilibrium yields of syngas, the type of plastics and their groupings do also have a significant effect on the yields. Experimental study is recommended to validate the feed proportions for high syngas production.
Darkwa, J., Kwawu, C., Corner, J., Kemausuor, F., Adei, E., Agyekum, K., & Boateng, I. D. Enhancement of Syngas Production in Co-Pyro-Gasification of Biomass and Plastic Waste Materials: Computational Study