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Geographic patterns of tree dispersal modes in Amazonia and their ecological correlates

Correa, Diego F.; Stevenson, Pablo R.; Umaña, Maria Natalia; Coelho, Luiz de Souza; Lima Filho, Diógenes de Andrade; Salomão, Rafael P.; Amaral, Iêda Leão do; Wittmann, Florian; Matos, Francisca Dionízia de Almeida; Castilho, Carolina V.; Phillips, Oliver L.; Guevara, Juan Ernesto; Carim, Marcelo de Jesus Veiga; Magnusson, William E.; Sabatier, Daniel; Molino, Jean‐François; Irume, Mariana Victória; Martins, Maria Pires; Guimarães, José Renan da Silva; Bánki, Olaf S.; Piedade, Maria Teresa Fernandez; Pitman, Nigel C. A.; Monteagudo Mendoza, Abel; Ramos, José Ferreira; Luize, Bruno Garcia; Novo, Evlyn Márcia Moraes de Leão; Núñez Vargas, Percy; Silva, Thiago Sanna Freire; Venticinque, Eduardo Martins; Manzatto, Angelo Gilberto; Reis, Neidiane Farias Costa; Terborgh, John W.; Casula, Katia Regina; Honorio Coronado, Euridice N.; Montero, Juan Carlos; Schöngart, Jochen; Cárdenas López, Dairon; Costa, Flávia R. C.; Quaresma, Adriano Costa; Zartman, Charles Eugene; Killeen, Timothy J.; Marim...

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Authors

Diego F. Correa

Pablo R. Stevenson

Maria Natalia Umaña

Luiz de Souza Coelho

Diógenes de Andrade Lima Filho

Rafael P. Salomão

Iêda Leão do Amaral

Florian Wittmann

Francisca Dionízia de Almeida Matos

Carolina V. Castilho

Oliver L. Phillips

Juan Ernesto Guevara

Marcelo de Jesus Veiga Carim

William E. Magnusson

Daniel Sabatier

Jean‐François Molino

Mariana Victória Irume

Maria Pires Martins

José Renan da Silva Guimarães

Olaf S. Bánki

Maria Teresa Fernandez Piedade

Nigel C. A. Pitman

Abel Monteagudo Mendoza

José Ferreira Ramos

Bruno Garcia Luize

Evlyn Márcia Moraes de Leão Novo

Percy Núñez Vargas

Thiago Sanna Freire Silva

Eduardo Martins Venticinque

Angelo Gilberto Manzatto

Neidiane Farias Costa Reis

John W. Terborgh

Katia Regina Casula

Euridice N. Honorio Coronado

Juan Carlos Montero

Jochen Schöngart

Dairon Cárdenas López

Flávia R. C. Costa

Adriano Costa Quaresma

Charles Eugene Zartman

Timothy J. Killeen

Beatriz S. Marimon

Ben Hur Marimon‐Junior

Rodolfo Vasquez

Bonifacio Mostacedo

Layon O. Demarchi

Ted R. Feldpausch

Rafael L. Assis

Christopher Baraloto

Julien Engel

Pascal Petronelli

Hernán Castellanos

Marcelo Brilhante de Medeiros

Marcelo Fragomeni Simon

Ana Andrade

José Luís Camargo

Susan G. W. Laurance

William F. Laurance

Lorena Maniguaje Rincón

Juliana Schietti

Thaiane R. Sousa

Emanuelle de Sousa Farias

Maria Aparecida Lopes

José Leonardo Lima Magalhães

Henrique Eduardo Mendonça Nascimento

Helder Lima de Queiroz

Gerardo A. Aymard C.

Roel Brienen

Juan David Cardenas Revilla

Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira

Bruno Barçante Ladvocat Cintra

Yuri Oliveira Feitosa

Joost F. Duivenvoorden

Hugo F. Mogollón

Alejandro Araujo‐Murakami

Leandro Valle Ferreira

José Rafael Lozada

James A. Comiskey

José Julio de Toledo

Gabriel Damasco

Nállarett Dávila

Roosevelt García‐Villacorta

Aline Lopes

Alberto Vicentini

Freddie C. Draper

Nicolás Castaño Arboleda

Fernando Cornejo Valverde

Alfonso Alonso

Francisco Dallmeier

Vitor H. F. Gomes

David Neill

Daniel P. P. de Aguiar

Luzmila Arroyo

Fernanda Antunes Carvalho

Fernanda Coelho de Souza

Dário Dantas do Amaral

Kenneth J. Feeley

Rogerio Gribel

Marcelo Petratti Pansonato

Jos Barlow

Erika Berenguer

Joice Ferreira

Paul V. A. Fine

Marcelino Carneiro Guedes

Eliana M. Jimenez

Juan Carlos Licona

Maria Cristina Peñuela Mora

Boris Eduardo Villa Zegarra

Carlos Cerón

Émile Fonty

Terry W. Henkel

John Ethan Householder

Paul Maas

Marcos Silveira

Juliana Stropp

Raquel Thomas

Flávia Machado Durgante

Tim R. Baker

Doug Daly

Isau Huamantupa‐Chuquimaco

William Milliken

Toby Pennington

Marcos Ríos Paredes

Pardo Molina

Alfredo Fuentes

Bente Klitgaard

José Luis Marcelo Peña

Carlos A. Peres

Miles R. Silman

J. Sebastián Tello

Wegliane Campelo

Jerome Chave

Anthony Di Fiore

Renato Richard Hilário

Juan Fernando Phillips

Gonzalo Rivas‐Torres

Tinde R. van Andel

Patricio von Hildebrand

Luciana de Oliveira Pereira

Edelcilio Marques Barbosa

Flávia Rodrigues Barbosa

Luiz Carlos de Matos Bonates

Rainiellen de Sá Carpanedo

Hilda Paulette Dávila Doza

Ricardo Zárate Gómez

Therany Gonzales

George Pepe Gallardo Gonzales

Bruce Hoffman

André Braga Junqueira

Yadvinder Malhi

Ires Paula de Andrade Miranda

Linder Felipe Mozombite Pinto

Adriana Prieto

Domingos de Jesus Rodrigues

Agustín Rudas

Ademir R. Ruschel

Natalino Silva

César I. A. Vela

Vincent Antoine Vos

Stanford Zent

Egleé L. Zent

Janaína Costa Noronha

Bianca Weiss Albuquerque

Angela Cano

Yrma Andreina Carrero Márquez

Janaina Barbosa Pedrosa Costa

Bernardo Monteiro Flores

David Galbraith

Milena Holmgren

Michelle Kalamandeen

Marcelo Trindade Nascimento

Alexandre A. Oliveira

Hirma Ramirez‐Angulo

Maira Rocha

Veridiana Vizoni Scudeller

Rodrigo Sierra

Milton Tirado

Emilio Vilanova Torre

Corine Vriesendorp

Maihyra Marina Pombo

Manuel Augusto Ahuite Reategui

Cláudia Baider

Henrik Balslev

Sasha Cárdenas

Luisa Fernanda Casas

William Farfan‐Rios

Cid Ferreira

Reynaldo Linares‐Palomino

Casimiro Mendoza

Italo Mesones

Armando Torres‐Lezama

Ligia Estela Urrego Giraldo

Daniel Villarroel

Roderick Zagt

Germaine Alexander Parada

Miguel N. Alexiades

Edmar Almeida de Oliveira

Karina Garcia‐Cabrera

Lionel Hernandez

Walter Palacios Cuenca

Susamar Pansini

Daniela Pauletto

Freddy Ramirez Arevalo

Adeilza Felipe Sampaio

Elvis H. Valderrama Sandoval

Luis Valenzuela Gamarra

Hans ter Steege



Abstract

Aim: To investigate the geographic patterns and ecological correlates in the geographic distribution of the most common tree dispersal modes in Amazonia (endozoochory, synzoochory, anemochory and hydrochory). We examined if the proportional abundance of these dispersal modes could be explained by the availability of dispersal agents (disperser‐availability hypothesis) and/or the availability of resources for constructing zoochorous fruits (resource‐availability hypothesis). Time period: Tree‐inventory plots established between 1934 and 2019. Major taxa studied: Trees with a diameter at breast height (DBH) ≥ 9.55 cm. Location: Amazonia, here defined as the lowland rain forests of the Amazon River basin and the Guiana Shield. Methods: We assigned dispersal modes to a total of 5433 species and morphospecies within 1877 tree‐inventory plots across terra‐firme, seasonally flooded, and permanently flooded forests. We investigated geographic patterns in the proportional abundance of dispersal modes. We performed an abundance‐weighted mean pairwise distance (MPD) test and fit generalized linear models (GLMs) to explain the geographic distribution of dispersal modes. Results: Anemochory was significantly, positively associated with mean annual wind speed, and hydrochory was significantly higher in flooded forests. Dispersal modes did not consistently show significant associations with the availability of resources for constructing zoochorous fruits. A lower dissimilarity in dispersal modes, resulting from a higher dominance of endozoochory, occurred in terra‐firme forests (excluding podzols) compared to flooded forests. Main conclusions: The disperser‐availability hypothesis was well supported for abiotic dispersal modes (anemochory and hydrochory). The availability of resources for constructing zoochorous fruits seems an unlikely explanation for the distribution of dispersal modes in Amazonia. The association between frugivores and the proportional abundance of zoochory requires further research, as tree recruitment not only depends on dispersal vectors but also on conditions that favour or limit seedling recruitment across forest types.

Citation

Correa, D. F., Stevenson, P. R., Umaña, M. N., Coelho, L. D. S., Lima Filho, D. D. A., Salomão, R. P., …ter Steege, H. (2023). Geographic patterns of tree dispersal modes in Amazonia and their ecological correlates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 32(1), 49-69. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13596

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 2, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 24, 2022
Publication Date 2023-01
Deposit Date Nov 18, 2022
Publicly Available Date Nov 29, 2022
Journal Global Ecology and Biogeography
Print ISSN 1466-822X
Electronic ISSN 1466-8238
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 32
Issue 1
Pages 49-69
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13596
Keywords Amazonian rain forests, anemochory, dispersal agents, disperser‐availability hypothesis, endozoochory, flooded forests, hydrochory, resource‐availability hypothesis, synzoochory, terra‐firme forests
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/13166613
Publisher URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/geb.13596

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