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Cosmological perturbations from full quantum gravity

Gielen, Steffen; Oriti, Daniele

Authors

Steffen Gielen

Daniele Oriti



Abstract

The early universe provides an opportunity for quantum gravity to connect to observation by explaining the large-scale structure of the Universe. In the group field theory (GFT) approach, a macroscopic universe is described as a GFT condensate; this idea has already been shown to reproduce a semiclassical large universe under generic conditions, and to replace the cosmological singularity by a quantum bounce. Here we extend the GFT formalism by introducing additional scalar degrees of freedom that can be used as a physical reference frame for space and time. This allows, for the first time, the extraction of correlation functions of inhomogeneities in GFT condensates: in a way conceptually similar to inflation, but within a quantum field theory of both geometry and matter, quantum fluctuations of a homogeneous background geometry become the seeds of cosmological inhomogeneities. We find approximately scale-invariant initial quantum fluctuations in the local volume, with naturally small amplitude; this behaviour extends to other quantities such as the matter density. These results confirm the potential of GFT condensate cosmology to provide a purely quantum gravitational foundation for the understanding of the early universe.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 26, 2018
Journal Physical Review D
Print ISSN 2470-0010
Electronic ISSN 2470-0029
Publisher American Physical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 98
Issue 10
Article Number 106019
APA6 Citation Gielen, S., & Oriti, D. (2018). Cosmological perturbations from full quantum gravity. Physical Review D, 98(10), doi:10.1103/physrevd.98.106019
DOI https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.98.106019
Keywords Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
Publisher URL https://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.98.106019

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