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Dynamic response of hybrid carbon fibre laminate beams under ballistic impact

Zhang, Yuwu; Liu, Tao; Xu, Zeyuan


Yuwu Zhang

Tao Liu

Principal Research Fellow


This novel hybrid fibre composites combining stiff composites with soft composites are developed to improve the ballistic impact resistance of composite beams while maintaining good quasi-static loading bearing capacity. The ballistic impact performance of the hybrid beams have been investigated experimentally at a projectile velocity range of , including ballistic limits, failure modes, energy absorption capacity and the interaction between stiff and soft composite parts. For each type of monolithic beams, i.e. stiff, soft and hybrid monolithic beams, three categories of failure modes have been identified: minor damage with rebound of projectile at the low impact velocities, fracture of beam at the medium impact velocities and perforation of beam at the high impact velocities. The critical velocity of hybrid monolithic beam was similar to that of the soft monolithic beam under the same failure mode, and higher than that of the stiff monolithic beam. For the sandwich beams with stiff, soft and hybrid face sheets, the failure modes were similar to those of the monolithic beams. Among the monolithic beams, the hybrid and soft monolithic beams exhibited better energy absorption capacity than the stiff monolithic beams. As for the sandwich beams, the hybrid-face sandwich beams absorbed more kinetic energy of projectile than the soft-face sandwich beams at higher projectile velocity. The advantages of the stiff/soft hybrid construction include: (i) at lower impact velocity, the soft composite part survived with negligible damage under impact; (ii) due to the buffer effect of the soft part at the front face, stress distribution within the stiff part of the hybrid monolithic beams is more uniform than that of the stiff monolithic beams.


Zhang, Y., Liu, T., & Xu, Z. (2018). Dynamic response of hybrid carbon fibre laminate beams under ballistic impact. Composite Structures, 210, 409-420.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 16, 2018
Online Publication Date Nov 17, 2018
Publication Date Nov 17, 2018
Deposit Date Nov 22, 2018
Publicly Available Date Nov 18, 2019
Journal Composite Structures
Print ISSN 0263-8223
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 210
Pages 409-420
Keywords Civil and Structural Engineering; Ceramics and Composites
Public URL
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