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How interprofessional education is offered to pharmacists and pharmacy students: A scoping review

Machado, Ana Caroline; Czock, Astrid; Boone, Jill; Anderson, Claire; Leite, Silvana Nair


Ana Caroline Machado

Astrid Czock

Jill Boone

Silvana Nair Leite


This study presents a review of recent published experiences of Interprofessional Education (IPE) in pharmacy education, aiming to identify the educational, institutional, and systemic factors involved in their development. Six databases were searched. The 147 (100%) articles included described experiences of IPE involving pharmacists or pharmacy students. The activities were concentrated in undergraduate courses (n = 118, 80,27%). Forty-three experiences were referred to as pilot projects. Of all the experiences, 46 (31,29%) involved real patients. Most studies report very little information regarding organizational factors; 24 (16,33%) reported the curricular or mandatory nature of IPE experiences and 35 (23,81%) cited the existence of some type of funding dedicated to the development of the IPE. Barriers and facilitators to the development of IPE in the schools/universities were described and discussed. Many articles refer to the relationship between the IPE activities and the context, considering specific health needs, demographic conditions, health and education policies that demand IPE. The results indicate a great variety of IPE offered to pharmacy students. However, there are still gaps in the institutionalization of IPE in pharmacy education, with limited forms of support.


Machado, A. C., Czock, A., Boone, J., Anderson, C., & Leite, S. N. (2022). How interprofessional education is offered to pharmacists and pharmacy students: A scoping review. Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice, 29, Article 100563.

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date Oct 10, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 18, 2022
Publication Date 2022-12
Deposit Date Oct 18, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 19, 2023
Journal Journal of Interprofessional Education and Practice
Print ISSN 2405-4526
Electronic ISSN 2405-4526
Publisher Elsevier BV
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 29
Article Number 100563
Keywords Education
Public URL
Publisher URL


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